Sunday, October 31, 2010
Saturday, October 30, 2010
early ancestor of the sauropods (Yizhousaurus sunae) has been discovered in China, a critical evolutionary link that helps to show how the iconic four-legged, long-necked sauropods developed.
Friday, October 29, 2010
neutron star yet discovered (formally classified as PSR J1614-2230), more than 20% heavier than the previous maximum with a mass twice that of the Sun yet packed into an object the size of a metropolitan city such as London (radius about 10 km).
Thursday, October 28, 2010
snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus strykeri) has been discovered in the forests of northern Myanmar, with a tail longer than its body length and an upturned nose that causes it to sneeze when it rains.
Wednesday, October 27, 2010
stellar oscillations ("starquakes") that yield new insights about the age, size, composition and evolution of stars.
Tuesday, October 26, 2010
1200 new species discovered over a decade-long study of the Amazon rainforest, including an new anaconda species, a "goliath" catfish that feeds on monkeys, a pink river dolphin and hundreds of new amphibians, spiders and plant species.
Monday, October 25, 2010
new species of insects have been found in 150 kg of amber recovered from lignite mines in the Cambay Shale of the Indian state of Gujarat, many new to science and related to species found in distant parts of the globe.
Sunday, October 24, 2010
permanent residence for a few dozen elite citizens with evidence of meal preparation, storage of corn beer and copper smelting as well as ritualistic human sacrifice.
Saturday, October 23, 2010
rinderpest (German for "cattle plague") virus that once killed cattle by the millions and lead to famine among human populations for thousands of years, with the last known case reported in Kenya in 2001.
Friday, October 22, 2010
starch grains on grinding stones estimated at 30,000 years old, indicating that Paleolithic Europeans ground starchy plant roots for flour that was made into simple breads 10,000 years earlier than previously known and contrary to the often assumed low-carbohydrate "caveman" diet.
Thursday, October 21, 2010
"walnut" ridge formation of Saturn's moon Iapetus, with the moon in a region far enough from the planet to retain much of its initial rotational spin while still forming and producing the characteristic bulge along its equator.
Wednesday, October 20, 2010
Benford's law, demonstrating that it applies to such varied events as depth of earthquakes, brightness of gamma rays that reach Earth, rotation rates of pulsars and infectious disease numbers reported to the World Health Organization.
Tuesday, October 19, 2010
recent explosive collision of two asteroids for the first time, with the event estimated to have occurred in early 2009.
Monday, October 18, 2010
colonized dry land have been found in Argentina, pushing back this event by 10 million years to have the ancestor of all land plants growing on dry ground as early as 472 million years ago.
Sunday, October 17, 2010
Durell's vontsira (Salanoia durrelli) similar to a mongoose has been identified living in Madagascar, one of the most threatened carnivore species in the world and the first new species to be discovered in 24 years.
Saturday, October 16, 2010
unusual clawed hand built for strength and leverage, leading paleontologists to believe they were opportunistic scavengers instead of strict herbivores.
Friday, October 15, 2010
entirely new to linguists in northeast India named Koro, belonging to the Tibeto-Burman family of languages, and spoken by only between 800 and 1200 people.
Thursday, October 14, 2010
first dinosaurs appeared about two million years after the end-Permian extinction event, much earlier than previous estimates of 15-20 million years after this mass extinction.
Wednesday, October 13, 2010
bone skipper fly (Thyreophora cynophila) has been spotted in the forests of Central and Western Europe, where it lives and breeds in the bone tissue of highly decayed carrion.
Tuesday, October 12, 2010
unpredictable boundary of the heliosphere where the solar wind meets the interstellar medium, shrinking significantly within six months and reacting apart from the Sun's eleven-year cycle of activity.
Monday, October 11, 2010
held a single atom with a pair of optical tweezers to obtain an image, a breakthrough in handling atoms that could lead to smaller quantum-based computing.
Sunday, October 10, 2010
artificial leaves") that mimick natural processes using plant chlorophyll, carbon nanotubes or graphite to generate electricity that is less expensive and more environmentally friendly than current silicon-based solar cell technologies.
Saturday, October 9, 2010
comet-like tail of gases escaping into the solar wind behind the planet Mercury opposite the Sun that is many hundreds of times the size of the planet itself.
Friday, October 8, 2010
coreshine" to describe the newly discovered phenomenon of mid-infrared light scattered by the interior of stellar clouds of dust and gas, providing a method to see inside developing stars that are otherwise opaque to visual examination.
Thursday, October 7, 2010
animal and plant fossils including some 35 species dating back some 1.4 million years, filling in some gaps in the area's natural history.
Wednesday, October 6, 2010
massive collision of an object with the planet's surface.
Tuesday, October 5, 2010
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI), which should allow computers to boot in seconds.
Monday, October 4, 2010
Sunday, October 3, 2010
bizarre horned dinosaurs, relatives of the more well-known Triceratops, have been discovered in Utah as part of the lost continent of Laramidia during the Late Cretaceous that have an ornate configuration of up to 15 horns protruding from their face.
Saturday, October 2, 2010
duplicate and erroneous plant species names are being eliminated in an effort to consolidate and develop a single inventory of the global plant species, ultimately with the goal of streamlining conservation and research efforts.
Friday, October 1, 2010
Himalayan foothills of Bhutan, living and successfully breeding at elevations higher than any other tiger species.